Lönebidrag – fördel eller nackdel?

Att arbeta är viktigt, både för den enskilda individen och för samhällsfunktionen. Så har vi i alla fall fått lära redan i grundskolan. Ända sedan mänsklighetens begynnelse har våra dagar varit fyllda med arbete för vår överlevnad. Vi var då tvungna att samla in växter att äta och vatten eller växtsafter att dricka.

En stor förändring skedde när vi lärde oss att behärska elden för 1,5 miljoner år sedan. Det blev ett arbete kring maten. Till detta har sedan kommit fler arbetsuppgifter och om vi ser på livsmedelshanteringen så har det idag blivit en hel industri. På liknande sätt har mycket av det vi nu kallar för arbete uppstått.

Idag finns det också typer av arbete som inte kan knytas till mänskliga behov utan är en produktion av varor och tjänster som tillhör det samhälle vi byggt oss. Men hur ska allt arbete fördelas mellan oss som lever i Sverige?

Är arbete en rättighet eller skyldighet? Jag har från skolåren lärt mig att alla måste bidra till sitt uppehälle, alltså är det en skyldighet. Undantagna från detta var människor med sjukdomar eller skador, dessa sattes istället på institutioner. I mitten av 1990-talet, det vill säga vid LSS tillkomst, ändrades situationen. Personer med funktionsnedsättning kunde då med hjälp av personliga assistenter flytta ut i samhället och konsumera. De började då förbruka de varor och tjänster som erbjöds på marknaden, och behövde därmed tjäna egna pengar för sitt uppehälle och sin konsumtion.

Men, nu var vi också tänkbara arbetsföra medborgare.

Men blev det verkligen så mycket mer arbete för oss funkisar? Det var en besvärlig arbetsmarknad i början av 2000-talet. De styrande i samhället ville därför förenkla vår situation med ett lönebidrag, som skulle minska arbetsgivarnas ”risktagande” när de anställer en människa med nedsatt arbetskapacitet.

Ett trumfkort som öppnar upp arbetsmarknaden för oss funkisar?

Nja. Flera, och särskilt handikappförbunden protesterade och sa att lönebidraget kunde uppfattas som positiv särbehandling och det fanns en risk att vi skulle låsas in i ett bidragssystem och dessutom hamna utanför löne- och karriärsutvecklingen.

Och, hur blev det?

Vid många anställningar användes lönebidraget som det var avsett, det vill säga att arbetsgivaren betalade hela lönen först efter 4 år. Lönebidraget beviljas fortfarande, men med samma belopp som år 2000!? Vad har hänt eller snarare, vad har inte hänt?

Man hade beräknat att bidraget skulle vara ungefär 80% av medellönen, vilket år 2000 innebar ett bidrag på 16 700 kronor per månad. Idag 2015, 15 år senare, har medellönen stigit med cirka 10 000 kronor, men lönebidraget ligger fortfarande kvar på samma belopp, alltså bara 55% av dagens medellön.

Är ett bidrag på 16 700 kr till en heltidslön för en funktionsnedsatt arbetstagare en tillräcklig kompensation för en arbetsgivare idag? Har inte ”risktagandeersättningen” blivit för låg för att över huvud taget fungera som ett trumfkort när vi söker arbete?

Vi och våra kompetenser är viktiga både i samhället och i arbetslivet. Vi får aldrig glömma detta eller låta oss bli undanknuffade på arbetsmarknaden.

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